Basic Tibetan Language
Learn some simple Tibetan language quickly for travel and it does help you when communicating with the local Tibetan people in your Tibet tour.
|How do you do? or How are you?||Khong Garm Sung|
|Nice to meet you!||Che Rang Gye Wei Garbo Chong!|
|What's your name?||Rang Min Kha sa?|
|My name is Tom.||Nga Min Tom La.|
|What is this?||Di Kah Zed?|
|How much is it?||Beh sha Kah Dze Ray?|
|Sorry, I don't underdand.||Gonad, Ha-ko Ma-Song.|
|I'll take it.||Ne Geh Yin.|
|ITibetan style food in Lhasa tastes good.||Lhasi poe si ha jang shim bo duk|
|I like eating rice.||Nga dre la ga bo yoe|
|I don’t eat spicy food||Nga si ben sa gi min|
|Have you got sweet tea?||Cha ngar mo yoe rey pey|
|I’d like to pay the bill, please.||Tsi jig kyon tang|
|I like…||Nga-----gyur ga bo yoe|
|What would you like to eat?||Khe rang ga rey choe doe duk?|
|You're Welcome!||Kay-Nang Gi Ma-ray|
|Thank you!||Thu Je Che!|
|Yes||Rey, Yin or Dhoo.|
|No||Ma-rey, Meyn, Min-dhoo|
|Good Luck!||Tashi Delek|
The Tibetan alphabet is derived from the ancient Brahmi script - so one can see similarities to the Indian alphabets. There are actually two different styles of the Tibetan script. The one is dbu can (u-chen) or headed writing. This is most commonly found in print - that is in newspapers, books, etc. and electronic format. Another is just used in handwriting. There are some useful Tibetan words, phrases and sentences. We hope these words can help you have a simple communication with the local people.
More info about Tibetan language:
- Tibetan Language belongs to Tibeto-Burman languages. Its classical written form is a major regional literary language, particularly for its use in Buddhist literature. Tibetan, often implicitly meaning Standard Tibetan, is an official language of the Tibet Autonomous Region.
- For political reasons, the dialects of central Tibet (including Lhasa), Khams, and Amdo in China are considered dialects of a single Tibetan language, while Dzongkha, Sikkimese, Sherpa, and Ladakhi are generally considered to be separate languages, although their speakers may consider themselves to be ethnically Tibetan. The standard form of written Tibetan is based on Classical Tibetan and is highly conservative. However, this does not reflect linguistic reality: Dzongkha and Sherpa, for example, are closer to Lhasa Tibetan than Khams or Amdo are.
- The Tibetan languages are spoken by approximately 6 million people. Lhasa Tibetan is spoken by approximately 150,000 exile speakers who have moved from modern-day Tibet to India and other countries. Tibetan is also spoken by groups of ethnic minorities in Tibet who have lived in close proximity to Tibetans for centuries, but nevertheless retain their own languages and cultures. Although some of the Qiangic peoples of Kham are classified by the People's Republic of China as ethnic Tibetans, Qiangic languages are not Tibetan, but rather form their own branch of the Tibeto-Burman language family. Classical Tibetan was not a tonal language, but some varieties such as Central and Khams Tibetan have developed tone. (Amdo and Ladakhi/Balti are without tone.) Tibetan morphology can generally be described as agglutinative, although Classical Tibetan was largely analytic.
The vowel "a" must be pronounced like the "a" in father-soft and long, unless it appears as ay, in which cast it is pronounced as in say or day. Note that words beginning with either b or p, d or t and g or k are pronounced halfway between the normal pronunciation of these constant pairs (e.g., b or p), and they are aspirated, like words starting with an h. A slash through a letter indicates the neural vowel sound uh.
- Tibetan grammar describes the morphology, syntax and other grammatical features of the Tibetan language, the language and dialects of the Tibetan people spoken across a wide area of eastern Central Asia. Generally considered a member of the Tibeto-Burman language family, typologically Tibetan is classified as an ergative-absolutive language. Nouns are generally unmarked for grammatical number but are marked for case. Adjectives are never marked and appear after the noun. Demonstratives also come after the noun, but these are marked for number. Verbs are possibly the most complicated part of Tibetan grammar in terms of morphology. The dialect described here is the colloquial language of Central Tibet, especially Lhasa and the surrounding area, but the spelling used reflects classical Tibetan, not the colloquial pronunciation.
- Word Order
Simple Tibetan sentences are constructed as follows: Subject --Object --Verb The verb is always last.
- Verb Tenses
Tibetan verbs are composed of two parts: the root, which carries the meaning of the verb, and the ending, which indicates the tense (past, present or future). The simplest and most common verb form, consisting of the root plus the ending-ge ray, can be used for the present and future tenses. The root is strongly accented in speech. In order to form the past tense, substitute the ending -song.
Only the verb roots are given in this glossary and please remember to add the appropriate endings.